The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has agreed on the preliminary definitions for the future 5G standard for mobile networking. A conference was held in San Diego to decide on the future of the standard from June 10th to 18th, where a 12 member delegation sat to set up the specifications.
In terms of data transfer speeds, the ITU determined that 5G compliant networks will have to provide data transfer speeds up to 20Gbps (Gigabits per second), which is 20 times faster than the 1 Gbps specification for its predecessor 4G. In the terms of actual user speeds, customers should receive speeds in the range of 100 to 1000 Mbps, depending on a number of factors. This is somewhat a 10 to 100 fold increase over normal 4G speed of 10Mbps.
This big boost in data transfer speeds and bandwidth is expected to open up access to higher resolution 4K quality video content and holographic technology through mobile networks.
The specification also provisions for future internet-of-things technologies. 5G would be able to provide more than 100 Mbps average data transmission to over 1 million IoT devices within a 1 square kilometre radius.
Formally 5G will be called IMT-2020, As IMT-2000 is the name for 3G Networks and IMT-Advanced for 4G Standard. The group would start looking for the technologies to use for the standard soon.
Korean telecommunications company KT recently exhibited its 1.17Gbps network, which aims to eliminate the gap between 4G and 5G. Its GiGA LTE network uses LTE and WiFi broadband network hotspots to provide faster speeds to consumers and ITU considered it to help nations meet the higher bandwidth requirements of 5G. Korea is leading the way with the development of 5G technologies and has had a large input into defining the 5G standard.
In the upcoming October The final details for the 5G standard will be confirmed, accompanying approval from the 193 ITU member countries. International spectrum for the 5G network should begin and allocation in 2019, with commercialised implementations expected sometime in 2020. Although an early demonstration of 5G technology will be held at the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympic Games.